Paeonia Suffruticosa: A Comprehensive Guide to Growing and Caring for the Tree Peony

Paeonia Suffruticosa: A Comprehensive Guide to Growing and Caring for the Tree Peony


The Paeonia Suffruticosa, often referred to as the "Tree Peony", is a perennial woody shrub that is native to China. This plant species is renowned for its large, colorful, and fragrant flowers, which are considered a symbol of prosperity and honor in Chinese culture.

Section 1: Understanding the Paeonia Suffruticosa

The Paeonia Suffruticosa is a member of the peony family, which comprises approximately 33 species, with the Tree Peony being the most notable. Despite its name, the Tree Peony is not a tree, but rather a deciduous shrub that can grow up to 1.5-3 meters tall. Its flowers, which bloom in late spring, are large and fragrant, varying in color from white to pink, red, and even dark maroon.

Section 2: Ideal Growing Conditions for Paeonia Suffruticosa

Paeonia Suffruticosa thrives in hardiness zones 4 through 8. It prefers well-drained soil and a location where it can receive full sun to partial shade. Although the Tree Peony is tolerant of a variety of soil types, it performs best in slightly alkaline soil with a pH between 6.5 and 7.5.

Section 3: Planting Paeonia Suffruticosa

Planting the Paeonia Suffruticosa requires careful preparation. The hole should be at least two feet deep and wide, with the plant placed so that the bud union is 2-3 inches below the soil surface. This will encourage the plant to develop its own root system, making it more robust and less reliant on the graft.

Section 4: Caring for Paeonia Suffruticosa

Once established, the Paeonia Suffruticosa requires minimal care. It is drought-tolerant and does not require frequent watering. However, during dry spells, it is beneficial to water the plant deeply, ensuring the moisture reaches the root system. Pruning should be done in spring to remove dead wood and to shape the plant, while fertilization should be done in autumn with a low nitrogen fertilizer.

Section 5: Pests and Diseases of Paeonia Suffruticosa

The most common pests that afflict the Paeonia Suffruticosa include aphids, thrips, and scale insects. Fungal diseases, such as botrytis blight and leaf spot, can also occur. To prevent these, it is recommended to maintain good airflow around the plant and to avoid overhead watering.

Section 6: Uses of Paeonia Suffruticosa

Apart from its ornamental value, the Paeonia Suffruticosa has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries. It is believed to have anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and sedative properties.


In summary, the Paeonia Suffruticosa is a plant of beauty and value, both as an ornamental plant and for its medicinal properties. With the right care and attention, this remarkable shrub can be a stunning addition to any garden.

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